Wednesday, June 06, 2007

Comments by Mr Micheal Chick

This is gonna be my second cut-and-paste entry. Mr. Micheal Chick posted his comments in my entry Freedom To Choose A Religion (scroll 3 entries down). I have never met Mr Micheal but I've got a bit of brain to see that he is a smart guy with a university degree and someone who reads a lot of books. One thing for sure, I'm glad for his visit and his comments because all of a sudden my blog sounds kinda intellectual, y'know the kind a university professor has one. Ladies and gentlemen, it is my pleasure to bring you the one and only Mr Micheal Chick.
It's been interesting to read such free-flowing comments on an all "Malaysian" free for all. While we are on the subject, how many of you have read the book entitled "Contesting Malayness"? Written by a Professor of National University of Singapore. Cost S$32 (about). It reflects the Anthropologists views that there is no such race as the "Malays" to begin with. If we follow the original migration of the Southern Chinese of 6,000yrs ago, they moved into Taiwan, (now the Alisan), then into the Phillipines (now the Aeta) and moved into Borneo (4,500yrs ago) (Dayak). They also split into Sulawesi and progressed into Jawa, and Sumatera. The final migration was to the Malayan Peninsular 3,000yrs ago. A sub-group from Borneo also moved to Champa in Vietnam at 4,500yrs ago.


Interestingly, the Champa deviant group moved back to present day Kelantan. There are also traces of the Dong Song and HoaBinh migration from Vietnam and Cambodia. To confuse the issue, there was also the Southern Thai migration, from what we know as Pattani today. (see also "Early Kingdoms of the Indonesian Archipelago and the Malay Peninsular")

Of course, we also have the Minangkabau's which come from the descendants of Alexander the Great and a West Indian Princess. (Sejarah Melayu page 1-3)


So the million Dollar Question... Is there really a race called the "Malays"? All anthropologists DO NOT SEEM TO THINK SO.


Neither do the "Malays" who live on the West Coast of Johor. They'd rather be called Javanese. What about the west coast Kedah inhabitants who prefer to be known as "Achenese"? or the Ibans who simply want to be known as IBANS. Try calling a Kelabit a "Malay" and see what response you get... you’ll be so glad that their Head-Hunting days are over.

In an article in the Star, dated: Dec 3rd 2006

available for on-line viewing at:
http://thestar.com.my/news/story.asp?file=/2006/12/3/focus/16212814&sec=focus

An excerp is reproduced here below:

"The Malays – taken as an aggregation of people of different ethnic backgrounds but who speak the same language or family of languages and share common cultural and traditional ties – are essentially a new race, compared to the Chinese, Indians and the Arabs with their long histories of quests and conquests.

The Malay nation, therefore, covers people of various ethnic stock, including Javanese, Bugis, Bawean, Achehnese, Thai, orang asli, the indigenous people of Sabah and Sarawak and descendants of Indian Muslims who had married local women.

Beneath these variations, however, there is a common steely core that is bent on changing the Malay persona from its perceived lethargic character to one that is brave, bold and ready to take on the world. "


The definition of “Malay” is therefore simply a collection of people's who speak a similar type language. With what is meant by a similar type language does not mean that the words are similar. Linguists call this the "Lego-type" language, where words are added on to the root word to make meaning and give tenses and such. Somehow, the Indonesians disagree with this classification and insist on being called "Indonesians" even though the majority of "Malays" have their roots in parts of Indonesia? They refuse to be called "Malay"…. Anyhow you may define it.

The writer failed to identify (probably didn't know), that the "Malay" definition also includes, the Champa, Dong Song, HoabinHian, The Taiwanese Alisan and the Philippino Aetas. He also did not identify that the "Orang Asli" are (for lack of a better term) ex-Africans. If you try to call any one of our East Malaysian brothers an "Orang Asli", they WILL BEAT YOU UP! I had to repeat this because almost all West Malaysians make the same mistake when we cross the South China Sea. Worse, somehow, they feel even more insulted when you call them “Malay”. Somehow, “kurang ajar” is uttered below their breath as if “Malay” was a really bad word for them. I’m still trying to figure this one out.

Watch “Malays in Africa”; a Museum Negara produced DVD. Also, the “Champa Malays” by the same.

With this classification, they MUST also include the Phillipinos, the Papua New Guineans, the Australian Aboroginies, as well as the Polynesian Aboroginies. These are of the Australo Melanesians who migrated out of Africa 60,000yrs ago.

Getting interesting? Read on...

"Malay" should also include the Taiwanese singer "Ah Mei" who is Alisan as her tribe are the anscestors of the "Malays". And finally, you will need to define the Southern Chinese (Southern Province) as Malay also, since they are from the same stock 6,000yrs ago.

Try calling the Bugis a "Malay". Interestingly, the Bugis, who predominantly live on Sulawesi are not even Indonesians. Neither do they fall into the same group as the migrating Southern Chinese of 6,000yrs ago nor the Australo Melanesian group from Africa.

Ready for this?

The Bugis are the cross-breed between the Chinese and the Arabs. (FYI, a runaway Ming Dynasty official whom Cheng Ho was sent to hunt down) Interestingly, the Bugis were career Pirates in the Johor-Riau Island areas. Now the nephew of Daeng Kemboja was appointed the First Sultan of Selangor. That makes the entire Selangor Sultanate part Arab, part Chinese! Try talking to the Bugis Museum curator near Kukup in Johor. Kukup is located near the most south-western tip of Johor. (Due south of Pontian Kechil)

Let's not even get into the Hang Tuah, Hang Jebat, Hang Kasturi, Hang Lekiu, and Hang Lekir, who shared the same family last name as the other super famous "Hang" family member... Hang Li Poh. And who was she? the princess of a Ming Dynasty Emperor who was sent to marry the Sultan of Malacca. Won't that make the entire Malacca Sultanate downline "Baba" ? Since the older son of the collapsed Malaccan Sultanate got killed in Johor, (the current Sultanate is the downline of the then, Bendahara) the only other son became the Sultan of Perak. Do we see any Chinese-ness in Raja Azlan? Is he the descendant of Hang Li Poh?

Next question. If the Baba’s are part Malay, why have they been marginalized by NOT BEING BUMIPUTERA? Which part of “Malay” are they not? Whatever the answer, why then are the Portugese of Malacca BUMIPUTERA? Did they not come 100yrs AFTER the arrival of the first Baba’s? Parameswara founded Malacca in 1411. The Portugese came in 1511, and the Dutch in the 1600’s. Strangely, the Baba’s were in fact once classified a Bumiputera, but a decided that they were strangely “declassified” in the 1960’s. WHY?

The Sultan of Kelantan had similar roots to the Pattani Kingdom making him of Thai origin. And what is this "coffee table book" by the Sultan of Perlis claiming to be the direct descendant of the prophet Muhammed? Somehow we see Prof Khoo Khay Khim’s signature name on the book. I’ll pay good money to own a copy of it myself. Anyone has a spare?

So, how many of you have met with orang Asli’s? the more northern you go, the more African they look. Why are they called Negrito’s? It is a Spanish word, from which directly transalates “mini Negros”. The more southern you go, the more “Indonesian” they look. And the ones who live at Cameron Highlands kinda look 50-50. You can see the Batek at Taman Negara, who really look like Eddie Murphy to a certain degree. Or the Negritos who live at the Thai border near Temenggor Lake (north Perak). The Mah Meri in Carrie Island look almost like the Jakuns in Endau Rompin. Half African, half Indonesian.

By definition, (this is super eye-opening) there was a Hindu Malay Empire in Kedah. Yes, I said right… The Malays were Hindu. It was, by the old name Langkasuka. Today known as Lembah Bujang. This Hindu Malay Empire was 2,000yrs old. Pre-dating Borrobudor AND Angkor Watt. Who came about around 500-600yrs later. Lembah Bujang was THE mighty trading empire, and its biggest influence was by the Indians who were here to help start it. By definition, this should make the Indians BUMIPUTERAS too since they were here 2,000yrs ago! Why are they marginalized?

Of the 3 books listed, "Contesting Malayness" (about S$32 for soft cover) is "banned” in Malaysia; you will need to "smuggle" it into Malaysia; for very obvious reasons.... :( or read it in Singapore if you don’t feel like breaking the law.

The other, "Kingdoms of the Indonesian Archipelago, and the Malay Peninsular" (about RM84) are openly sold at all leading bookshops; Kinokuniya, MPH, Borders, Popular, Times, etc. You should be able to find a fair bit of what I’ve been quoting in this book too, but mind you, it is very heavy reading material, and you will struggle through the initial 200+ pages. It is extremely technical in nature. Maybe that’s why it wasn’t banned (yet)…coz our authorities couldn’t make head or tail of it? (FYI, if I wasn’t doing research for my film, I wouldn’t have read it in its entirety)

While the "Sejarah Melayu" (about RM 35) is available at the University Malaya bookshop. I have both the English and Royal Malay version published by MBRAS.

Incidentally, the Professor (Author) was invited to speak on this very subject about 2 yrs ago, in KL, invited by the MBRAS. You can imagine the "chaos" this seminar created...... :(

There were actually many sources for these findings. Any older Philippino Museum Journal also carries these migration stories. This migration is also on display at the Philippines National Museum in Luzon. However, they end with the Aeta, and only briefly mention that the migration continued to Indonesia and Malaysia, but fully acknowledge that all Philippinos came from Taiwan. And before Taiwan, China. There is another book (part of a series) called the "Archipelago Series" endorsed by Tun Mahatir and Marina Mohammad, which states the very same thing right at the introduction on page one. “… that the Malays migrated out of Southern China some 6,000yrs ago…”. I believe it is called the “Pre-History of Malaysia” Hard Cover, about RM99 found in (mostly) MPH. They also carry “Pre-History of Indonesia” by the same authors for the same price.

It is most interesting to note that our Museum officials invented brand new unheard-of terms such as "Proto-Malay" and "Deutero-Malay", to replace the accepted Scientific Term, Australo-Melanesians (African descent) and Austronesians (Chinese Descent, or Mongoloid to be precise) in keeping in line with creating this new “Malay” term.. They also created the new term called the Melayu-Polynesian. (Which Melayu exists in the Polynesian Islands?) Maybe they were just trying to be “Patriotic” and “Nationalistic”… who knows…? After all, we also invented the term, “Malaysian Time”. While the rest of the world calls it “Tardy” and “Late”. It’s quite an embarrassment actually…. Singaporeans crossing the border are asked to set their watches back by about 100yrs, to adjust to “Malaysian Time”…

In a nutshell, the British Colonial Masters, who, for lack of a better description, needed a “blanket” category for ease of classification, used the term “Malay”.

The only other logical explanation, which I have heard, was that “Malaya” came as a derivative of “Himalaya”, where at Langkasuka, or Lembah Bujang today was where the Indians were describing the locals as “Malai” which means “Hill People” in Tamil. This made perfect sense as the focal point at that time was at Gunung Jerai, and the entire Peninsular had a “Mountain Range” “Banjaran Titiwangsa”, as we call it.

The Mandarin and Cantonese accurately maintain the accurate pronunciation of “Malai Ren” and “Malai Yun” respectively till this very day. Where “ren” and “yun” both mean “peoples”.

Interestingly, “Kadar” and “Kidara”, Hindi and Sanskrit words accurately describe “Kedah” of today. They both mean “fertile Land for Rice cultivation. Again, a name given by the Indians 2,000yrs ago during the “Golden Hindu Era” for a duration of 1,500yrs.

It was during the “Golden Hindu Era” that the new term which the Hindu Malay leaders also adopted the titles, “Sultan” and “Raja”. The Malay Royalty were Hindu at that time, as all of Southeast Asia was under strong Indian influence, including Borrobudor, and Angkor Watt. Bali today still practices devout Hindu Beliefs. The snake amulet worn by the Sultans of today, The Royal Dias, and even the “Pelamin” for weddings are tell-tale signs of these strong Indian influences. So, it was NOT Parameswara who was the first Sultan in Malaya. Sultanage existed approximately 1,500years before he set foot on the Peninsular during the "Golden Hindu Era" of Malaysia. And they were all Hindu.

“PreHistory of Malaysia” also talks about the “Lost Kingdom” of the “Chi-Tu” where the local Malay Kingdom were Buddhists. The rest of the “Malays” were Animistic Pagans.

But you may say, "Sejarah Melayu" calls it "Melayu"? Yes, it does. Read it again; is it trying to describe the 200-odd population hamlet near Palembang by the name "Melayu"?(Google Earth will show this village).

By that same definition, then, the Achehnese should be considered a “race”. So should the Bugis and the Bataks, to be fair. Orang Acheh, Orang Bugis, Orang Laut, Orang Melayu now mean the same… descriptions of ethnic tribes, at best. And since the “Malays” of today are not all descendants of the “Melayu” kampung in Jambi (if I remember correctly), the term Melayu has been wrongly termed. From day one. Maybe this is why the Johoreans still call themselves either Bugis, or Javanese until today. So do the Achehnese on the West coast of Kedah & Perlis and the Kelantanese insist that they came from Champa, Vietnam.

Morover, the fact that the first 3 pages claiming that "Melayu" comes from Alexander the Great and the West Indian Princess doesn't help. More importantly, it was written in 1623. By then, the Indians had been calling the locals “Malai” for 1,500 yrs already. So the name stuck….

And with the Sejarah Melayu (The Malay Annals in page 1-3) naming the grandson of Iskandar Zulkarnain, and the West Indian Princess forming the Minangkabau. Whenever a Malay is asked about it, he usually says it is "Karut" (bullshit), but all Malayan based historians insist on using Sejarah Melayu as THE main reference book for which "Malay" history is based upon. The only other books are “Misa Melayu”, "Hikayat Merong Mahawangsa", and “Hikayat Hang Tuah” which is of another long and sometimes “heated” discussion.

I find this strange.

I also find, that it is strange that the "Chitti's" (Indian+Malay) of Malacca are categorized as Bumiputera, while their Baba brothers are not. Why? Both existed during the Parameswara days. Which part of the “Malay” side of the Baba’s is not good enough for Bumiputera classification? Re-instate them. They used to be Bumiputera pre 1960’s anyway.

Instead of "Malay", I believe that "Maphilindo" (circa 1963) would have been the closest in accurately trying to describe the Malays. However, going by that definition, it should most accurately be "MaphilindoThaiChinDiaVietWanGreekCamfrica". And it is because of this; even our University Malaya Anthropology professors cannot look at you in the eye and truthfully say that the word "Malay" technically and accurately defines a race.

This is most unfortunate.

So, in a nutshell, the “Malays” (anthropologists will disagree with this “race” definition) are TRULY ASIA !!! For once the Tourism Ministry got it right….

We should stop calling this country “Tanah Melayu” instead call it, “Tanah Truly Asia”

You must understand now, why I was "tickled pink" when I found out that the Visit Malaysia slogan for 2007 was "Truly Asia". They are so correct... (even though they missed out Greece and Africa)

BTW, the name UMNO should be changed to UTANO the new official acronym for “United Truly Asia National Organization” . After all, they started out as a Bugis club in Johor anyway….

I told you all that I hate race classifications…. This is so depressing. Even more depressing is that the "malays" are not even a race; not since day one.


“Truly Asia Boleh”

2:25 AM

12 Comments:

Blogger NURAINA A SAMAD said...

hi bergen,

thanks for sending this very intellectual guy's comment to muy blog.
i think it deserves a separate entry. would you mind very much if i reproduce it in a posting in my blog? and of course, state that it was a comment sent in your blog. As always, i will link it to your blog.

thanks a zillion, bergen.

9:52 AM  
Blogger tokasid said...

Salam bergen:

I read that posting a few weeks ago in penerikbeca's blog. I think its from the same guy.
I think the indentification along racial lines is for political and social purpose. Not only was it done now but since...?
In the first place , what is this guy's agenda in bringing up this issue? His hatred towards the Malays? he must remember when we were born we were never given a chance to choose what race we wanted to be in, right? That is something which we have to accept.

I read somewhere in the internet regarding the tracing of human movements in the early years( if not mistaken the National Geographic website titled " The greatest journey ever"( article from 2002 or 2003). The researchers used DNA tracing to do this. Their conclusion: all human race came out from Africa from a single parent(Adam?). They first stayed in the Middle East regions for thousands of years. Some moved on to the north towards what is Europe and some to the East to the Indian sub-continent. From India part of them moved south along Burma and goes into Siam and Nusantara( Malay penisular and Indonesia now). From there they northward to Indochine and later to what is China now.
So according to the DNA tracing there were Malays first before there was any Chinese!
We can argue with this Michael Chick all we want, but what can we achieve from it? So what is the Chinese are there first? So what if the Malays are decendents of the Chinese? And so what if the Malays are there before the Chinese? That the Chinese are decendents of the Malays?
I don't see any use of it at all.
Maybe for people like Michael Chick it is important. If Michael is a Malaysian( i doubt it) and a Chinese in race, he will have a reason to be upset. Why shouldn't he! The Malaysian govt is uphelding the Malay privileges and Michael is upset with this arrangement.

Michael can say/write whatever he wants. All that he wrote are theories. Just like the one I read about the DNA theories. They are just theories. By using these theories does it improve our lives? Does it make us more unite among the races? Don't think so.
So what do you think of this Micael Chick's agenda is bro?

June 06, 2007

1:08 PM  
Blogger tokasid said...

Bergen:
correction: The Greatest Journey- Mac 06 edition of NG.

1:10 PM  
Blogger bakaq a.k.a. ~penarik beca said...

Bergen

Ni reply aku terhadap apa yang hang bubuh dalam blog aku. Aku rasa hang dah rimas, jadi hang nak share. Itu yang aku fikir dan aku mungkin salah:

Seronok juga melihat ada orang yang bersusah-payah buat kajian mengenai asal-usul apa yang dipanggil orang-orang Melayu.

Buat lagi banyak2. Tulis atau copy and paste lagi banyak2!

Tulis sampai berpeluh badan, sampai pengsan!

Kaji dan tulislah walaupun kita tau niat utama semua kerja-kerja bodo itu ialah untuk melawan apa yang didakwa sebagai ketuanan Melayu atau hendak menghapuskan orang-orang Melayu sendiri.

Ketuanan Melayu apa? Tuan sebenarnya ialah orang-orang macam Robert Kwok, Patrick Lim, Kamaluddin Abdullah (asal keturunan Tongsan).

Apa yang ketuanan Melayu bagi kat aku? Apa pun aku tak dapat. Dan, aku tak nak pun. Aku reti cari makan sendiri.

Tapi yang sejak lama aku persoalkan, adakah kajian-kajian dan tulisan-tulisan seperti yang bergen bubuh di dalam blog aku ni adalah permulaan kepada penghapusan etnik ke atas orang-orang Melayu?!!

Perkara itu memang menjadi impian ramai! Tetapi, perkara itu juga tidak menghalang saya untuk memperjuangkan Malaysia yang muhibbah dan harmoni.

Nak lawan api kena pakai air.

2:00 PM  
Blogger bergen said...

Nuraina A Samad: I leave it up to you but I believe I know where this whole thing is gonna go.

Tokasid: Quite frankly, sir, all this is beyond me. You know I'm not built to handle a topic like this so I believe I owe you an apology for posting it as an entry instead of leaving it as a comment where it belongs.

Bakaq: You've got it right there. I got a short circuit for a while that I reckoned it would be better that I share it with you.

To everyone who come in, thank you. I hope this entry didn't make you feel uncomfortable or something but then again, I'm sure we are mature enough to handle something like this and laugh it off.

10:16 PM  
Anonymous Pesanan said...

THis is an extension of LKY's racist comment in the Malaysian Parliament to refute Malay right, when Spore was part of Malaysia. He later was instrumental in citing racial violence, just like he did to incite strikes when he was a trade union.

This is my reply:

Julai 24hb, 2006 Berita Harian

Menjejak Melayu

Oleh Saufi Hamzah dan Mona Ahmad

BENARKAH selama ini Orang Asli dan orang Melayu wujud dari rumpun atau keturunan yang sama?

Jika diamati kajian bertajuk Analisis DNA Mitokondria (MtDNA) masyarakat Melayu Moden dan Orang Asli di Semenanjung yang dihasilkan penyelidik Pusat Pengajian Sains Kesihatan, Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM), Dr Zafarina Zainuddin, mendapati bahawa keadaan sebaliknya berlaku di mana Orang Asli dan orang Melayu berasal dari keturunan berlainan.

Berdasarkan data DNA Mitokondria (MtDNA) yang dikumpulkan dalam kajian itu, orang Melayu Moden dipercayai berasal dari populasi `Austronesian' (atau Selatan Mongoloid) manakala Orang Asli pula adalah saki baki manusia moden dari populasi `Australoid'.

Hasil kajian itu juga disokong oleh kajian linguistik yang menyatakan terdapat dua penghijrahan pra-sejarah utama berlaku di Asia Tenggara.

Gelombang penghijrahan pertama yang berlaku kira-kira 40,000 tahun membawa kemasukkan populasi `Australoid' purba ke kepulauan Indo-Malaysia, yang seterusnya bergerak dan menetap di Australia dan New Guinea.

Gelombang populasi kedua dipercayai berasal dari Fujian atau Zhejian (juga dikenali sebagai Selatan Mongoloid atau Austronesian), yang menetap di sekitar kepulauan Asia Tenggara dan tanah besar kira-kira 4,000 ke 6,000 tahun dulu.

"Kita tidak ubah sejarah, sebaliknya kita sedang mendokumentasikan sejarah. Orang Asli memang lebih tua daripada orang Melayu. Ada banyak orang yang datang ke Malaysia dan banyak yang sudah bercampur," katanya selepas majlis penyerahan dua tesis kepada Jabatan Hal Ehwal Orang Asli (JHEOA) di Bilik Persidangan USM, Georgetown, baru-baru ini.

Satu lagi tesis bertajuk Variasi Pergigian Dalam Populasi Malaysia untuk aplikasi pengecaman identiti manusia yang dihasilkan pensyarah Pengajian Sains Pergigian, Dr Mohd Fadhli Khamis.

Secara umum, kajian bertajuk Analisis DNA Mitokondria (MtDNA) masyarakat Melayu Moden dan Orang Asli di Semenanjung itu adalah untuk mendapatkan maklumat mengenai `genetik make-up' dan pembangunan pangkalan data bagi DNA mitokondria bagi masyarakat Melayu dan Orang Asli.

Pembangunan pangkalan data penting sebelum analisis DNA mitokondria dapat diaplikasi dalam kes-kes forensik yang membabitkan kedua-dua populasi.

Secara tidak langsung, maklumat yang diperolehi dapat digunakan dalam kajian genetik populasi yang membawa kepada penemuan yang menunjukkan perbezaan ketara di antara masyarakat Melayu Moden dan Orang Asli.

Sehingga ke hari ini, belum ada kajian penuh dan menyeluruh berkenaan konstitusi genetik Orang Asli yang dilakukan oleh saintis dari Malaysia.

Dr Zafarina berkata, kebanyakan kajian yang sudah dibuat oleh saintis Barat lebih bersifat untuk mendapatkan informasi berkenaan profil genetik Orang Asli kerana mereka ini adalah antara manusia moden yang tertua yang masih wujud di atas muka bumi.

Kajian berkenaan masyarakat Orang Asli dari Semenanjung Malaysia oleh saintis barat sudah berjaya membawa kepada penemuan beberapa rumusan penting mengenai sejarah pergerakan manusia moden di atas muka bumi ini.

Antara penerbitan terbaru saintis Barat yang menggunakan maklumat daripada kajian Orang Asli adalah rumusan mengenai penyebaran manusia moden dari Afrika ke Asia Tenggara kemungkinan besar berlaku melalui laluan pantai menerusi India dan seterusnya ke Australasia.

Pergerakan itu dikatakan berlaku kira-kira 65,000 tahun dulu.

FAKTA NOMBOR
Sampel DNA


102 - Melayu moden
58 - Orang Asli

FAKTA

Orang Melayu
Teori Yunan


Secara keseluruhannya alasan yang menyokong teori ini adalah seperti berikut:

Kapak Tua yang mirip kepada Kapak Tua di Asia Tengah ditemui di Kepulauan Melayu. Perkara ini menunjukkan adanya migrasi penduduk daripada Asia Tengah ke Kepulauan Melayu.

Adat resam bangsa Melayu mirip suku Naga di daerah Assam (berhampiran sempadan India dengan Myanmar).

Bahasa Melayu adalah serumpun dengan bahasa di Kemboja. Penduduk Kemboja mungkin berasal dari Dataran Yunan dengan menyusuri Sungai Mekong. Perhubungan bangsa Melayu dengan bangsa Kemboja sekali gus menandakan pertaliannya dengan Dataran Yunan.

Teori popular yang diterima umum. Contohnya, dalam buku Teks Pengajian Malaysia, ada menyatakan "nenek moyang" orang Melayu berasal dari Yunan.

Berdasarkan teori ini, dikatakan orang Melayu datang dari Yunan ke Kepulauan Melayu menerusi tiga gelombang utama yang ditandai dengan perpindahan Orang Negrito, Melayu Proto, dan Melayu Deutro.

Orang Negrito

Penduduk paling awal di Kepulauan Melayu. Dikatakan ada di sini sejak 1,000 tahun Sebelum Masihi berdasarkan penerokaan arkeologi di Gua Cha, Kelantan. Daripada orang Negrito diperturunkan orang Semang yang mempunyai ciri-ciri fizikal berkulit gelap, berambut kerinting, bermata bundar, berhidung lebar, berbibir penuh, serta saiz badan yang pendek.

Melayu Proto

Perpindahan orang Melayu Proto ke Kepulauan Melayu dikatakan berlaku pada 2,500 tahun Sebelum Masihi. Mereka mempunyai peradaban yang lebih maju daripada orang Negrito, ditandai dengan kemahiran bercucuk tanam.

Melayu Deutro

Perpindahan orang Melayu Deutro adalah gelombang perpindahan orang Melayu kuno yang kedua yang berlaku pada 1,500 Sebelum Masihi. Mereka adalah manusia yang hidup di pantai dan mempunyai kemahiran berlayar.

Teori Nusantara

Teori ini adalah disokong dengan alasan seperti di bawah:

- Bangsa Melayu dan Bangsa Jawa mempunyai tamadun yang tinggi pada abad ke-19.

- Taraf ini hanya dapat dicapai selepas perkembangan budaya yang lama. Perkara ini menunjukkan orang Melayu tidak berasal dari mana-mana tetapi berasal dan berkembang di Nusantara.

- Bahasa di Nusantara (Bahasa Austronesia) mempunyai perbezaan ketara dengan bahasa di Asia Tengah (Bahasa Indo-Eropah).

Orang Asli

- Masyarakat Orang Asli adalah komuniti kecil di Malaysia dan penduduk pribumi negara ini.

- Orang Asli adalah masyarakat yang mempunyai beberapa suku kaum yang berbeza-beza.

- Secara rasminya masyarakat Orang Asli dibahagi kepada tiga kumpulan yang terbesar iaitu Negrito, Senoi dan Melayu Asli.

- Suku Senoi dan Negrito pula diklasifikasikan kepada enam suku kecil. Suku Melayu Asli dipecahkan kepada tujuh suku kecil.

- Disebabkan pelbagai suku kaum di kalangan masyarakat Orang Asli, terdapat banyak perbezaan dari segi cara hidup dan pertuturan bahasa yang digunakan.

- Kebudayaan dan adat resam mereka juga berbeza-beza dan mempunyai keunikan yang tersendiri.

10:47 AM  
Anonymous aku orang 'taypen' said...

Sebelah abah aku campuran Minang dan Turki. Sebelah ibu aku campuran Mandahiling campur Bruma. Tok aku dan tok wan aku berjumpa kat Pulau Pinang. Aku dilahirkan di Taiping.

Aku orang 'taypen.'

11:55 AM  
Anonymous Michael Chick said...

Interesting to read people's perceptions on why the post was done....

To address tokasid, I fully agree with the fact that we are born into a race, not by choise, and it is this that I wish to addres the Malaysian Governmental classification of a "malay"

"...It is anyone who speaks the Malay language, dresses like a Malay, practises the Malay culture and is Islam...."

That is not how one defines a race.
Races are defined by hereditary, geneology or DNA. So, while it is true that we are all of the Human Race, the classification of the "malay" race was incorrect.

Please tell your favourite Minister and remind him that we are of the Human Race. He or she cannot "fight for the Malay race" anymore because it has been wrongly defined by those colonial Masters. It was a horribly wrong classification and needs to be corrected.

I like the sound of Bangsa Malaysia. It is definitely more pleasant sounding than all other race-based politics and policies. It makes us equals.

Truly Asia Boleh

5:29 PM  
Anonymous Michael Chick said...

To address Pesanan's post, the Gua Cha excavations were of the Hoabinhian culture from Indochina. Other caves include Gua Chawas, Gua Berhala in Terengganu. Unfortunately, these caves have been completely submerged in what we know today as Tasek Kenyir. This is most unfortunate, as there would have been much we could have learned from both the Dong Song and Hoabinhian migration from Indochina.

Perak Man was of the Australo Melanesian descent. Negritos literally means "mini Negros" when transalated from Spanish. Perak Man was from 10,500yrs ago. The first Negrito migration reached Niah Caves 40,000yrs ago. The early Negritos also reached Australia 50,000 at Lake Mungo. The Maories are descendant of these Negritos. So are all the Papua New Guineans and the entire Polynesian Islanders.

That's something for our Orang Asli's to be really proud of. The evidence? Go to Gua Tambun just outside Perak to see the cave paintings which look exactly like those of the famous Australian Aboroginie rock painting. Done here in Malaysia.

Truly Asia Boleh

7:18 PM  
Anonymous Michael Chick said...

Unfortunately, by the Malaysian Government's classifications, most Orang Asli's cannot be called a "malay" because they do not dress like a malay, habitually speak malay, or believe in Islam.

They are mostly animistic pagans, and some are even Christian. They speak their own tongues, and if they went to a government school, then you may converse in malay with them. Those who converted to Islam rarely live in the Jungles anymore. In fact, the Kelantan government gives incentives for a "malay" to marry and convert these animistic pagan Orang Asli's to Islam. I hear the incentives are pretty good. So, if anyone is looking for a spare wife or two, here a great way to get paid for it...

I was much educated when I spent months living with the Orang Asli's doing research and observatory work on them in the Malaysian Jungles.

By the same definition, most East Malaysian Natives also cannot be classified as "malay" as 75% of them are Christian. I was in such shock when I heard of Hymns and Prayer Meetings and lots of Hallelujahs while I was in the Sarawak interior. I spent 4 months there.

7:31 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

...please where can I buy a unicorn?

5:40 AM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

I think, you will come to the correct decision. Do not despair.

6:51 AM  

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